30.10.23 - Sexual Orientation - National Inclusion Week
National Inclusion Week is 25th September to 1st October.
What the Equality Act says about sexual orientation discrimination
The Equality Act 2010 says you must not be discriminated against because:
You are heterosexual, gay, lesbian or bisexual
Someone thinks you have a particular sexual orientation (this is known as discrimination by perception)
You are connected to someone who has a particular sexual orientation (this is known as discrimination by association)
In the Equality Act, sexual orientation includes how you choose to express your sexual orientation, such as through your appearance or the places you visit.
Different Sexual Orientation Types
Learning about a few of the most common sexual orientation types can help you talk more clearly and openly with those in your life about who they are and what they want in a partner.
Heterosexual, also known colloquially as straight, is a term that describes those that are attracted to the opposite sex. Cisgender individuals (those that identify with their born gender) and transgender individuals (those that transition to a gender different from their birth sex) can both identify as heterosexual.
While homosexual is a technical term, many people see it as a formal and outdated way to describe people who are attracted to the same or similar gender as themselves. Usually, gay has a masculine connotation, but some women choose to use this term, as well.
The term lesbian refers to the feminine version of homosexuality. It’s used to identify two women who are attracted to each other. If you have a teen who transitioned from male to female but still prefers females romantically, they are considered lesbian.
This type of sexual orientation describes people who are attracted to more than one gender. Some people also refer to bisexuality as pansexuality, as it denotes an attraction to a broader spectrum of sexual orientation than just the two stereotypical genders.
Asexual people are not sexually attracted to anyone. Although they may experience romantic attractions to any gender, they’re not interested in getting physical in the more traditional sense.
The term queer used to be derogatory, a slur used against anyone different, meaning weird and bizarre, but the LGBTQ+ community has adopted and transformed the word to create an umbrella term that encompasses everyone who isn’t exclusively cisgender or heterosexual.
This sexual orientation type often falls along the spectrum of asexuality. Most of the time, demisexual individuals only feel a sexual bond towards another person after they’ve established an emotional or romantic connection.
People who identify as pansexual prefer not to limit their romantic or sexual attraction to others in any way. They don’t feel defined by specific gender identities or sexual orientations.
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